Easier CLI for ad-hoc Ansible tasks and playbooks
This article is about using Ansible on the command-line.
… want a convenient way to do ad-hoc tasks on a bunch of machines.
… already have a few playbooks and machine groups defined in your inventory.
… don’t want to invest too much into Ansible because you have other things to do and Ansible is just a tool to deal with one aspect of what you want to do.
… live on the command-line.
ansiblecommands have too many knobs and too few knobs at the same time.
A Possible Solution
Taking a page from old school Posix tools, let’s make a script that encodes Ansible group names into the filename.
Then you can go from this:
$ ansible atlanta -m copy -a "src=/etc/hosts dest=/tmp/hosts"
$ ansible webservers -m service -a "name=httpd state=started"
$ atlanta copy "src=/etc/hosts dest=/tmp/hosts"
$ webservers service "name=https state=started"
Or from this:
$ ansible-playbook -l atlanta go-to-the-moon
$ ansible-playbook -l webservers do-the-other-things
$ atlanta go-to-the-moon
$ webservers do-the-other-things
These are just examples. Please don’t spend time bikeshedding names because you can use whichever names you like.
Download the contents of
ansible-by-proxyfrom here. It’s a starter script that includes a bunch of sensible settings expressed via environment variables. Remove or change these to match your needs.
Note that the script expects to find a sub-directory called
ansiblein the same directory as the script which contains the playbooks and the inventory file.
Store this file somewhere on the system
Don’t forget to mark the file as executable if it isn’t already.
$ chmod +x ansible-by-proxy
Create symlinks to the file that have the same name as hostnames or groups as described in the includes:
$ ln -s ansible-by-proxy atlanta $ ln -s ansible-by-proxy webservers
and so on.
That’s it. Now you can invoke playbooks and tasks just by using the name of host or group.